- In the police landscape of our country, specialised missions are the responsibility of the Federal Police.
- The Special Units (DGJ/DSU) were once again frequently called on to perform Fort Chabrol interventions (person, most often armed, entrenched in a building) and enhanced searches.
- Helicopter support remains an enormous added value in the search for missing persons.
|Specialities||Actions* launched in 2019|
|Technical operational support (NTSU)||294|
|Real-time interceptions (telephone and data tapping) in the context of judicial investigations||8 839|
|Real-time observations (metadata) in the context of judicial investigations||1 193|
* pas de comparaison possible avec 2018 car unités de mesures différentes.
|Fort Chabrol interventions||37||41|
|Arrests and arrests after pursuit||160||179|
|Recovered stolen vehicles||1||6|
|Infrared targets scanned||348||407|
|Positive infrared scans||84||106|
|Drones - Operational missions||80||88*|
* The 88 missions with drones correspond to approximately 95 flight hours (+46 % compared to 2018).
Drone teams searching for missing persons
A great success, but without a happy ending... On 5 July, a drone was deployed to search for a missing person at the request of the Missing Persons Unit. The victim, a 74-year-old person suffering from dementia, had been missing for more than a week. Previous searches, also with the support of a helicopter, had been unsuccessful.
A large area was then demarcated for a final, thorough search. The search teams on the ground were assisted by a drone team to go through the fields and waterways with a fine-toothed comb. Their efforts were rewarded: thanks to twinkling reflections, the drone team was able to locate the victim's bike in a ditch. The victim was found lying underneath her bike and was unfortunately deceased.
Support/reinforcements during searches
The Directorate of Protection (DGA/DAP) can support high-risk searches carried out by the Federal Judicial Police.
- In 2019, 23 missions of this type were carried out (+10 % compared to 2018).
The flair of our police dogs
The Directorate of Dog Support (DACH) and its 148 police dogs (as of 31 December 2019) carried out a large number of specialised interventions.
|Number of interventions||2018||2019|
|Tracker dog teams||1 441||1 375|
|Drug dog teams (active + cash and passive)||3 221||3 290|
|Human remains detection dog teams||74||51|
|Seat of fire detection dog teams||408||386|
|Immigration control dog teams||59||57|
|Explosive detection dog teams||4 301||4 716|
L'appui technique de la Police de la Navigation
The technical facilities of the Maritime and River Police (SPN) are implemented by specially trained staff, included in a specific section called TST (Technical Support Team).
|Number of actions||2018||2019|
|Side Scan Sonar||142||108|
|Other detection means||184||87|
Technical facilities and expertise supporting investigations
Sur base de leur expertise scientifique (psychologie, sociologie...), les analystes comportementaux (GAC) de la Police Fédérale offrent un appui aux enquêteurs à travers trois missions principales :
On the basis of their scientific expertise (psychology, sociology, etc.), the behavioural analysts (GAC) of the Federal Police offer support to investigators through three main missions:
- expertise in hearings;
- analyses (profiles, threats...);
- assessments in cases requiring a multidisciplinary approach in partnership with the Directorate of Judicial Police Operations (DJO).
In 2019, the behavioural analysts provided support in 203 cases and carried out the following missions in this context:
- expertise in hearings: 155;
- analyses: 39;
- assessments (multidisciplinary approach): 9.
Detection of lies
A team of experts specialised in hearing techniques, particularly those conducted with a polygraph or lie detector.
This section carried out 271 polygraph tests, with the following results:
- 152 truthful results;
- 104 untruthful results;
- 33 confessions, 11 of which were made during the preparatory phase of the test.
Audiovisual hearing techniques for minor victims or witnesses of offences (TAM)
The main task of a team from the Directorate of Technical and Scientific Police (DJT) is to standardise hearings of minors, which are very specific. To this end, the team has developed the TAM network, which operates at the tactical and operational levels. The missions of the TAM team can be divided into three main activities:
- the management of specialised hearing equipment within deconcentrated hearing rooms;
- the organisation of training courses for TAM interrogators;
- the follow-up of the TAM network through research and development.
Analysis of sex offences
A team specialised in the analysis of sex offences (ZAM, formerly known as the ViCLAS Service) establishes links between different sex offence files, i.e. sexual or violent offences.
To this end, it uses the ViCLAS (Violent Crime Linkage Analysis System) tool, among others.
A total of 69 analyses were conducted using the ViCLAS database and revealed the following results:
- 53 series of offences were identified;
- identification of 168 sex offences with a link to another sex offence, 41 of which were confirmed.
Face comparisons and facial reconstructions
The Facial department (formerly Robot) has portraitists who, in addition to producing composition drawings, master other biometric techniques such as face comparison and facial reconstruction. The portraitists now use high-performance tools to produce a digital version of the composition drawing.
The Facial Service handled a total of 444 requests, including:
Technical and forensic police laboratories
The technical and forensic police laboratories provide specialised support to the investigation services of the Local Police and the Federal Police (trace sampling, analysis and comparison of traces).
Identification: making the dead talk
Apart from disasters, the DVI Team (Disaster Victim Identification) also intervenes in victim identification in general and takes up new challenges such as necrosearch (forensic archaeology) and MTD (Difficult Terrain) in order to find solutions in case of difficult identification of deceased victims.
The DVI consists of a permanent core within the Directorate of Technical and Scientific Police (DJT) and a DVI pool with staff spread throughout the country.
Partnership is a key element for the DVI. Indeed, the professional approach in the field requires careful organisation and cooperation. In order to effectively coordinate this cooperation, realistic exercises are organised every year.
The DVI Team carried out 192 interventions in 2019. In 120 cases, circumstances allowed for identification. So far, 105 of these deceased victims have actually been identified.
In 2019, the DVI organised two large-scale exercises in the form of a simulated disaster.
The Victim Assistance Protocol provides a major added value
The cooperation protocol between the DVI team and police services of assistance to victims was concluded last year. This agreement is based on the principle of solidarity and provides that the police bear full responsibility for psychosocial support during the ante-mortem process in disasters. Training sessions started in 2019 and the Local Police zones were well represented!
Identity fraud and counterfeiting
The Federal Judicial Police has a team specialised in counterfeiting and identity fraud using false documents. To this end, this team maintains contacts with national and international partners.
A total of 34 542 identity or travel documents of EU nationals were analysed under the EUROPA procedure; 277 documents were declared invalid.
8 231 non-EU driving licences (delivered in exchange for a Belgian driving licence) were analysed, of which 304 were declared invalid.
46 088 counterfeit euro banknotes and 515 counterfeit foreign currency banknotes were detected.
In addition, the expert team of the Federal Judicial Police carried out 319 interventions in collaboration with international partners.